Obesity Issues Among Americans and It's Influence on Public Health Programs

Obesity is the major problem of American nation. Obesity can be due to some disease like tension, but mostly obesity is caused by the false and careless eating habits. American people love to eat especially the fast food items like burgers, chips, chocolates, candies and pizza etc. and carbonated drinks are very common with every meal. These things lead to the obesity.

Interesting thing about obesity is that mostly young people are concerned about it because they want to look smart and attractive, as the age grows; people care less about their physical appearance, because by then they don't have to impress someone.

Obesity is not only considered as an issue because it affects the personality of a person; but it can lead to many cardio vascular diseases. It itself is now considered as the major disease. Therefore government and health organizations are working and making some legislation to reduce this disease in America, as healthy people build healthy nation.

Obesity is caused by the consumption of high calories food items and working out less to burn those calories, the unburned calories accumulates in the body in the shape of fats which make a person obese, these fats also accumulates in the veins and when they accumulates in the veins of heart, it leads to dangerous heart diseases.

Obesity is a dangerous thing and many companies have launched many products to counter the obesity, there are dozens of slim centers, which helps people in countering the obesity. Countering obesity or getting rid of obesity has become a business in America, people are making millions every year by helping people become slim and smart.

Various health organizations have considered obesity as a major problem and now pro measures have been taken to counter the obesity. Obesity is countered from the very beginning. Obesity starts with the early age. The products like chocolates and candies which are the hot favorite of kids are the major cause of obesity, so the states and the federation is taking steps towards this issue and different regulations have been made for these companies regarding their advertising and packaging. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulates the food advertising and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the packaging of food products.

Many states are taking different measures to encounter the in young generation; many states are now encouraging youth to participate in sports activities. These measures are effective as exercise is the most important thing in leading a healthy life and through exercise extra calories can be burned.

Public health awareness programs can only guide the people regarding their health and fitness and the organizations like these can influence to some extent. Like they can only regulate the packing and labeling of the food items and their advertisement. But they cannot stop the manufacturing and distribution of food items which cause obesity like chocolates, candies and carbonated drinks. This is because these products are legal in every country. These products cause obesity but if people take care while eating these items, they can easily counter this.

Obesity can easily be countered with taking some simple measures. Taking care while eating is primary thing; over-eating is the major cause of obesity, and through exercise, extra fats can be burned. Chocolates and candies are tasty and many people love to eat them, they are the cause of obesity but by eating them with care, that is not eating too many candies and too many candies, obesity can be controlled.

Now days there are many medicines and products available in market that claim to reduce obesity within few days. They may reduce the obesity but may cause other diseases, therefore never take any medicine to reduce obesity without the instructions of physician.

Obesity can be countered with pro active measures. By following proper diet and regular exercise, everyone can prevent himself/herself from getting obese. And if someone has gotten the disease of obesity then it can be cured by following proper diet plan as advised by nutritionist and doing regular exercise. Physical exercise is the best way to keep oneself smart and free from the diseases like obesity.

Health Programs Have Played an Important Role Human Life

Health programs are designed for all the individuals to improve their living conditions, to combine health education, health care, health promotion, prevention of disease and social services. The Health programs play a significant role in every human's life. With respect to Health programs that appointment system is also designed so that the medicine, veterinary medicine, other clinical credential would be practiced easily. But this is allowed to only those individuals who have a valid license to practice medicines. This faculty appointment system is also designed for those individuals, so that the individual get the most adequate and appropriate treatment.

A school health insurance program is an included set of sequential, planned, activities, school affiliated strategies and all other services which are designed so that the optimal emotional, educational development, social and physical is promoted. The program is decided by the local community which is based on the needs of community, requirements, standards and resources. This program is organized by the team of a experts and is also responsible for the quality of program and effectiveness to the community. In more than 60 countries, health programs work. Other local partners and responsive projects of fund are collaborated by this program. Some of the countries which public health programs work in are Africa, China, Central Asia and the Middle East. To make sure that the civil society has the skills, information and capacity to hold government, these public health insurance programs works. Where stigma leaves citizens socially excluded, there public health problems are intensified. Today the health crisis's global nature requires a good commitment at international and national levels. The responses which are innovative such as malaria, tuberculosis and the global fund to fight aids have been laid concrete on the way for solutions which include the civil society participation. It is significant to assure so that they benefit the public, as resources and commitments has been increased. In assuring the government, independent and strong citizens play a great role for which all the health programs, health care institutions are held responsible to the groups for which they all are designed to serve.

Public Health Career Training Online

The general population has many needs that have to be met on a regular basis. Health is usually at the top of the list, which is why there are numerous health professionals working to improve and maintain health in society. Public health is a popular career because it allows professionals to work with a variety of people and areas. Online career training is becoming a prevalent way for students to earn a degree in public health.

The profession spans across a large range of areas and activities, but all the work focuses on the evaluation and regulation of health for the public. Professionals target general or specific areas, which can include nutrition or a metropolitan city's healthcare system. It is highly common for professionals to handle complex problems involving overall healthcare services and systems. They contribute to keep communities free from outbreaks of infections. They also work with individuals, families, and communities by promoting healthy behaviors. The field can have graduated students entering careers that have them working for wellness programs in schools, hospitals, universities, and government firms. With the field being incredibly diverse students have many options to consider before deciding on an online degree program. Family health, health education, epidemiology, and environmental health are just a few of the options that students can choose to focus their schooling on.

Online training for public health is commonly only available at the graduate level, which includes a master's or doctorate degree. This is because most careers need individuals who have more in depth training. Students can't enter a graduate degree without first completing a bachelor's degree. A bachelor's degree provides students with a general education that can be applied to a graduate degree program. A health science degree is the ideal option for students to gain a broad foundation focused on the medical field. Student's study includes biology, chemistry, health education, and healthcare administration, which provides the knowledge needed to succeed in a graduate degree program.

Graduate degree programs online include a master of public health or a doctor of public health. An MPH degree is a science-based program that incorporates specific information on how to use knowledge to improve public health, educate, and provide preventative measures. Education covers advanced training in health and administration duties. Environmental science, epidemiology, public health biology, management, health promotion, and disease prevention are some course subjects that are covered through a master's program. Master's degree programs prepare students to step into leadership roles as food safety inspectors, health inspectors, public health advisors, and more. Furthering education at the PhD level qualifies students for upper level management and roles in academia.

At the doctorate level students specialize in one specific area such as nutrition, behavioral science, child health, and epidemiology. Students enrolled in an epidemiology program will mainly study how diseases spread. The goal of education is to prepare students to contribute to the field by creating strategies to keep outbreaks in check. Courses that supplement specific fields of study include leadership, public health internship, and management. Students that want to be involved on the research side of the profession should consider entering an online training program at this level.

Levels Of Prevention And Public Health Programs

Levels of preventions are subdivided into three categories: primary, secondary and tertiary level. First is the Primary level of prevention. It is the most basic and the most desirable form of prevention since it primarily focuses on the avoidance of the occurrence of a problem. It provides specific protection against diseases.

Primary preventive actions spare the client from the costs, discomforts and threats to the quality of life that an illness may cause.

The Secondary level of prevention is where the actual problem has already occurred. Its focts is on the early diagnosis and treatment of the disease to at least prevent, delay, or stop further complications, thus limiting disability.

The Tertiary level of prevention begins early in the period of the client's recovery from illness. It occurs when a disease or disability is present or is permanent and irreversible. It focuses more on the rehabilitation to either restore or maximize an individual to an optimal level of functioning as well helping the individual learn to cope and live productively even with the presence of certain limitations.

The three levels of prevention each have corresponding health programs: As for the primary level of intervention, Primary preventive measures would include educating, counselling, lifestyle modifications, health education programs for communities, wellness and fitness programs, mandatory immunization for children, environmental sanitation activities, the adoption other specific health practices and other programs geared towards the safety and wellness of the community.

Secondary preventive measures can be delivered in hospitals, homes and other secondary facilities. It comprises diagnostic screening programs, public education to promote self examinations to be able to recognize early signs and symptoms of certain diseases.

The tertiary level which focuses more on the rehabilitation includes strict compliance of giving medications, moving and positioning to prevent complications, passive/active exercises, and continuing health supervision during rehabilitation.

An Introduction to Masters Degree Program in Public Health

By definition, public health is the science of preventing diseases and improving the all round health of communities by educating them on the importance of healthy lifestyles through extensive studies on disease research, injury prevention and personal choices that affect the overall well-being of their families and communities.

What Public Health Professionals Do

Its professionals concern themselves with preventing problems from taking place or repeating with the help of proper development & implementation of educational programs and policies, regulating health systems, reducing environmental hazards, controlling the spread of infectious diseases, conducting research and administering services and much more. As a result of these efforts, the professionals have come a long way in increasing awareness about healthy lifestyles, reducing the spread of communicable diseases, reducing child mortality and increasing overall life expectancy, to name a few.

Education in Public Health

A career in it is a good option for those students who wish to work towards improving people's lives and alleviate health problems. Students choose varied educational routes in establishing themselves in this sector. For example, a student might want to enroll in an undergraduate program straight from school followed by a master's program right after. Another student might want to gain experience by working for a few years before returning to school to continue.

Degree Programs in Public Health

Today, a large number of accredited educational institutions offer varied professional postgraduate degree programs in it. Here are examples of a few of those degrees.

• Master of PH

• Master of Science in Public Health

• Master of Health Administration

• Master of Health Services Administration

• Doctor of PH

• Doctor of Philosophy

A master's degree in it is a recognized credential which aids the student in finding employment in public health as well as private sectors. The coursework of a master's degree will be in the five core disciplines in it, namely:

• Epidemiology

• Health Services Administration

• Environmental Health

• Biostatistics

• Behavioral Science or Health Education

An example of an accredited college that offers an online master's degree in this is Independence University. Student reviews about Independence University speak of its accreditation and financial aid assistance programs. As is true with any college, reading a student review of Independence University should help make your decision to pursue an education there just a little bit easier.

Cancer Education Grants Program

The National Cancer Institute, more frequently known as NCI, is an agency operating within the National Institutes of Health that is largely responsible for conducting and supporting research studies, training courses, health info dissemination, and other activities that are linked with the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer, and cancer survivorship.

The National Cancer Institute has developed the Cancer Education Grants Programme wherein it tries to financially support cutting edge academic efforts that would make a contribution to the reduction of cancer incidences, morbidity and mortality rates; as well as the improvement of the quality of life of surviving cancer patients and those who are receiving end of life care.

The Cancer Education Grants Program has been existent since the year 1994 and has long been providing support to innovative cancer education grants programme that intend to translate the knowledge obtained from the research studies into actual public health applications.

The programme is exclusively meant for biomedical researchers, health professionals, dental, medical, nursing, and a number of other health professional students, including graduate and undergraduate scholars; and members of the lay community.

The NCI will supply $6,000 for the chosen partakers, so as to cover the costs of their participation in short term research experience programs, which routinely lasts for six weeks, consisting of 15 40-hour weeks.

The National Institutes of Health together with The National Cancer Institute has worked hard to make this project happen and consequently, they are working just as hard in order to make it a success, which is why they are set to administer multiple grants with an overall budget adding up to $300,000.

The participants that will be permitted to submit an application under the Cancer Education Grants Program are those that represent the following:

a) Higher Education Institutions such as Public/State Controlled Institutions of Further Education and Non-public Establishments of Higher Education

b) Hispanic-serving Establishments, Historically Black Colleges and Colleges (HBCUs), Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities (TCCUs), Alaska Local and Native Hawaiian Serving Establishments

c) Nonprofit organizations aside from establishments of further education

d) For-Profit Setups like Smaller Companies

e) State Governments, County Governments, City or Township Governments, Special District Governments, Indian/Native American Tribal Governments (Federally Recognised), and Indian/Indigenous American Tribal Governments (Aside from Federally Recognized)

f) Independent College Districts, Public Housing Authorities/Indian Housing Authorities, Native American Tribal Affiliations (apart from Federally recognized tribal governments), Faith-based or Community-based Associations, and Regional Organizations.

Public Health Programs The GOP Wants to Eliminate

Since its signing in on 23 March 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) has taken some harsh criticism from politicians and the wider public. The plan's biggest objective was to increase expenditure on Medicaid and reduce expenditures by Medicare. In order to achieve the challenging financial targets required, most of the national population would be required to take out health insurance, in the interests also of promoting preventative care, which would need to be federally subsidized in order to be viable.

The change in healthcare policy would see more Americans on health insurance programs, but Medicare's payment rates would be reduced and an excise tax on insurance plans, with high premiums, would be introduced.

While president Obama's acceptance and passing of the bill was an attempt to reduce federal healthcare spending in the midst of a dire economic crisis it would come at the expense of welfare programs and food stamps. Only because the republicans/tea party blocked single payer.

One of the more controversial elements of the PPACA was instituting contraception as a requirement on the part of both employers and educational institutions. The initial bill included religious institutions within its mandate but this was retracted and revised under instantaneous and sharp criticism from opposing religious and political organizations.

The changes to public health policy were in response to the federal government's need to reduce its expenditure in excess of $300 billion, and as part of a need to convert it from a government-run entity to a subsidized program.

Another of the highly controversial implications of the act was the impact that it would have on senior citizens. Senior citizens would have the choice between a private plans approved by Medicare or continue to pay fees for medical services and expenses subsidized by the federal government.

Another of the staunch criticisms of the bill is that the Medicare cuts could potentially force medical institutions and hospitals into debt, with senior citizens being worst affected.

One of the biggest questions left by the passage of the act was what would happen to those who did not have health insurance and where they would be left in the absence of a government-funded program. The federal government, feeling the economic pinch of late, seeks to transfer the responsibility of healthcare from government accountability and put it back into the hands of the citizen, advocating that every individual is responsible for their own state of health and the level of care it requires. This comes at a time when corporate companies are reducing the benefits extended to employees for health insurance, high inflation and an increased cost of living and consumers who are battling the credit crunch. This is important; join the progressive democrats of America. Healthcare not Warfare!